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Elementary Flying Training Schools
The RAF's primary trainer during the Second World War was the Avro Tutor.
The Tiger Moth was used primarily by the Elementary Flying Training Schools.

These were established after the decision during the 1930's that civilian run flying schools would have responsibility for basic training and the RAF Flying Training Schools would concentrate on advanced training.

The first four Elementary and Reserve Flying Training Schools were established in 1923-4 to train reservists. These were supplemented by a total of 59 planned or established schools plus the three University Air Squadrons (Cambridge, Oxford and London)
On the outbreak of war the ERFTS ceased to exist as such, being replaced by 20 EFTS which were responsible for all ab initio training.
The existing advanced training FTS became Service Flying training Schools.
5 new FTS were planned for France (No.30 to 34) but never materialised as that country was overrun.
6 Coastal Patrol Flights were established with Tiger Moths and impressed Hornet Moths to patrol for U-boats.
The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan led to the formation of training establishments overseas the first being 31SFTS in Canada which formed from 7SFTS and 32SFTS from 10SFTS

United Kingdom ERFTS

School Location Opened Operator Fate/Comments
1ERFTSStag Lane1.5.23 De Havilland(as Reserve School)
Hatfield5.30to 1ERFTS 4.8.35 to 1EFTS 3.9.39
2ERFTSFilton28.5.23Bristol(as Reserve School)
to 2ERFTS .35 to 2EFTS 3.9.39
3ERFTSWhitley31.7.23Armstrong Whitworth(as Reserve School)
Hamble1.4.31to 3ERFTS .35 to 3EFTS 3.9.39
4ERFTSBrough21.5.24North Sea Aerial & General Transport (as Reserve School)
Blackburn Aircraftto 4ERFTS .35 to 4EFTS 3.9.39
5ERFTSHanworth1.6.35Flying Training later Blackburn Aircraftto 5EFTS 3.9.39
6ERFTSSywell10.6.35Brooklands Avnto EFTS 3.9.39
7ERFTSDesford25.11.35Reid & Sigristto 7EFTS 3.9.39
8ERFTSWoodley25.11.35Phillips & Powisto 8EFTS 3.9.39
9ERFTSAnsty6.1.36Air Service Trainingto 9EFTS 3.9.39
10ERFTSFilton/Whitchurch1.1.36Bristol Aeroplane Coto 10EFTS 3.9.39
11ERFTSPerth (Scone)27.1.36Airworkto 11EFTS 3.9.39
12ERFTSPrestwick17.2.36Scottish Avnto 12EFTS 3.9.39
13ERFTSWhite Waltham18.11.35De Havillandto 13EFTS 3.9.39
14ERFTSCastle Bromwich1.7.37Airworkto 14EFTS 3.9.39
15ERFTSRedhill1.7.37British Air Transportto 15EFTS 3.9.39
16ERFTSShoreham3.7.37Martin School of Air Nav
(Brooklands Avn)Disbanded 3.9.39
17ERFTSBarton1.10.37AirworkDisbanded 2.9.39
18ERFTSFairoaks1.10.37Universal Flying Servicesto 18EFTS 1.9.39
19ERFTSGatwick1.10.37Airportsto 18EFTS 3.9.39
20ERFTSGravesend1.10.37Airportsto 14EFTS 3.9.39
21ERFTSStapleford Tawney1.1.38Reid & SigristDisbanded 3.9.39
22ERFTSCambridge1.2.38Marshallsto 22EFTS 3.9.39
23ERFTSRochester1.4.38Short Bros
Sydenham (Belfast)2.9.39to 24EFTS 3.9.39
24ERFTSSydenham (Belfast)1.1.39Short Brosto 24EFTS 3.9.39
25ERFTSWaltham (Grimsby)24.6.38Herts & Essex Aero ClubDisbanded 3.9.39
26ERFTSKidlington24.6.38MarshallsDisbanded 2.9.39
27ERFTSTollerton24.6.38Nottingham AirportDisbanded 3.9.39
28ERFTSMeir1.8.38Reid & SigristDisbanded 3.9.39
29ERFTSLuton1.8.38Birkett Air ServicesDisbanded 3.9.39
30ERFTSBurnaston29.9.38Air Schoolsto 30EFTS 3.9.39
31ERFTSStaverton29.9.38Surrey Flying ServicesDisbanded 3.9.39
32ERFTSGreatham (W Hartlepool)15.4.39Portsmouth Southsea & Isle of Wight AvnDisbanded 3.9.39
33ERFTSWhitchurch1.12.38Chamier Gilbert LodgeDisbanded 3.9.39
34ERFTSRochford1.1.39Air HireDisbanded 3.9.39
35ERFTSGrangemouth1.5.39Scottish AvnDisbanded 3.9.39
36ERFTSplanned for Sherburn in Elmet - cancelled
37ERFTSExeter3.7.39Straight CorpnDisbanded 3.9.39
38ERFTSKingstown1.7.39Border Flying ClubDisbanded 3.9.39
39ERFTSWeston-super-Mare3.7.39Straight CorpnDisbanded 3.9.39
40ERFTSMousehold (Norwich)15.8.39Air ContractorsDisbanded 3.9.39
41ERFTSplanned for Dyce (Aberdeen Flying Services) - cancelled
42ERFTSSquires Gate1.8.39Reid & SigristDisbanded 3.9.39
43ERFTSWoolsington1.6.39Newcastle Flying ClubDisbanded 3.9.39
44ERFTSElmdon1.5.39Airworkto 14EFTS 3.9.39
45ERFTSIpswich3.7.39Straight CorpnDisbanded 3.9.39
46ERFTSRoborough1.8.39Portsmouth Southsea & Isle of Wight AvnDisbanded 3.9.39
47ERFTSDoncaster15.7.39Nottingham AirportDisbanded 3.9.39
48ERFTSplanned for Baginton (Air Service Training) - cancelled
49ERFTSSamlesbury.39Disbanded 3.9.39
50ERFTSBooker.39(Whetton Avn)Disbanded 3.9.39
51ERFTSplanned for Abbotsinch (Scottish Avn) - cancelled
52ERFTSplanned for Clifton (York) - cancelled
53ERFTSplanned for Yeadon - cancelled
54ERFTSplanned for Eastleigh - cancelled
55ERFTSplanned for Speke - cancelled
56ERFTSKenley24.8.39 (British Air Transport)Disbanded 3.9.39
57ERFTSplanned for Coventry - cancelled
58ERFTSplanned for Braunstone - cancelled
59ERFTSplanned for Cardiff - cancelled

United Kingdom EFTS

School Location Opened Operator Fate/Comments
1EFTSHatfield3.9.39De Havillandex 1ERFTS
Panshangar7.9.42
2EFTSFilton3.9.39Bristol Aeroplane Coex 2ERFTS to 6(S)FIS 1.11.41
Worcester22.7.42
Yatesbury9.7.45
3EFTSHamble3.9.39Air Service Trainingex 3ERFTS
Watchfield20.7.40
Shellingford18.12.41
4EFTSBrough3.9.39Blackburn Aircraftex 4ERFTS
5EFTSHanworth3.9.39ex 5ERFTS
Meir17.6.40
6EFTSSywell3.9.39Brooklands Avnex 6ERFTS
7EFTSDesford3.9.39Reid & Sigristex 7ERFTS
8EFTSWoodley3.9.39Phillips & Powisex 8ERFTS
9EFTSAnsty3.9.39Air Service Trainingex 7ERFTS
10EFTSYatesbury (Calne)3.9.39Bristol Aeroplane Coex 10ERFTS
Weston-super-Mare7.9.40
11EFTSPerth3.9.39Airworkex 11ERFTS
12EFTSPrestwick3.9.39Scottish Avnex 12ERFTS
13EFTSWhite Waltham3.9.39De Havilland School of Flyingex 13ERFTS
Peterborough20.12.40
14EFTSCastle Bromwich3.9.39Airworkex 14ERFTS and 44ERFTS
Elmdon9.9.39
15EFTSRedhill3.9.39British Air Transportex 15ERFTS
Carlisle (Kingstown)2.6.40
16EFTSDerby (Burnaston)10.4.40ex 30ERFTS
17EFTSNorth Luffenham18.1.41De Havilland
Peterborough15.7.41
18EFTSFairoaks3.9.39Universal Flying Servicesex 18ERFTS
19EFTSSealand21.1.41
20EFTSYeadon1.3.41
21EFTSBooker1.6.41Airworkex 13ERFTS
22EFTSCambridge3.9.39Marshalls Flying Schoolex 22ERFTS
24EFTSSydenham3.9.39Short Brosex 23ERFTS and 24ERFTS
Rochester1.3.46
25EFTSPeterborough1.6.41[Polish]ex 13ERFTS
Hucknall16.7.41
26EFTSTheale (Sheffield Farm)14.8.41Phillips & Powis[renamed Miles Aircraft 5.10.43]
27EFTSnever formeddue to form at Baginton
28EFTSWolverhampton (Pendleford)15.9.41Air Schools
29EFTSClyffe Pypard13.9.41Marshalls Flying School
30EFTSBurnaston3.9.39Air Schoolsex 30ERFTS

United Kingdom Flying Instructors Schools

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
1FISChurch Lawford13.1.42ex 2CFS to 18PAFU 27.10.42
2FISCranwell10.9.40to 2CFS 14.11.40
Montrose5.1.42Disbanded 11.7.45
3FISHullavington1.8.42
Castle Combe8.8.42
Lulsgate Bottom1.10.43Disbanded into 7FIS 18.7.45
4FISCambridge (Teversham)3.7.40Disbanded 30.4.43
5FISPerth (Scone)8.10.40Disbanded 23.11.42
6FISStaverton1.11.41ex 2EFTS
Worcester (Perdiswell Hall)18.4.42to 2EFTS 22.7.42
7FISUpavon1.4.42Disbanded 7.5.46
10FISWoodley22.7.42Disbanded into CFS and 8EFTS 7.5.46
11FISShallufa1.1.44Disbanded 7.1.47
12FISSt Angelo1.5.44to Coastal Command FIS 23.2.45
33FISBelvedere20.5.42ex Rhodesian CFS
Norton2.11.42to CFS Southern Rhodesia 9.5.44

United Kingdom Flying Training Schools

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
1FTSNetheravon1.4.35Disbanded 7.3.42
2FTSBrize Norton1.10.34To 2SFTS 3.9.39 To 2PAFU 14.3.42
3FTSSouth Cerney2.4.28To 3SFTS 3.9.39 To 3PAFU 1.3.42
5FTSSealand > Ternhill26.4.20To 5SFTS 3.9.39 To 5PAFU 1.4.42
6FTSLittle Rissington1.4.35To 6SFTS 3.9.39 To 6PAFU 1.4.42
7FTSPeterborough2.12.35To 7SFTS 3.9.39 To 31SFTS 7.1.41
8FTSMontrose1.1.36To 8SFTS 3.9.39 Disbanded 25.3.42
10FTSTernhill1.1.36To 10SFTS 3.9.39 To 32SFTS 1.11.40
16FTSHucknall9.6.41Disbanded 18.12.46

United Kingdom Reserve Flying Schools

School Location Code Formed Operator
1RFSPanshangerRCM5.5.47De Havilland
2RFSBartonRCX1.10.48Reid & Sigrist
3RFSCardiffRCK15.8.48British Avn Services
4RFSBroughRCN10.3.47Blackburn Aircraft
5RFSCastle BromwichRCY1.11.47Birketts Air Services
6RFSSywellRCO12.5.47-31.3.53Brooklands Avn
7RFSDesfordRCP9.5.47Reid & Sigrist
8RFSWoodleyRCQ3.3.47Handley Page
9RFSDoncasterRCZ1.11.47C.L Air Surveys
10RFSExeterRSB16.5.49Exeter Airport
11RFSSconeRCR18.3.47Airwork
12RFSFiltonRCD/RCB1.4.48Bristol Aeroplane CO
13RFSGrangemouthRCC1.4.48Airwork
14RFSHambleRCL15.8.47Air Service Training
15RFSRedhillRCD1.4.48British Air Transport
16RFSBurnastonRCS27.3.47Air Schools
17RFSHornchurchRCJ1.7.48Short Bros & Harland
18RFSFairoaksRCT14.5.47Universal Flying Services
19RFSHooton Park10.7.50Short Bros & Harland
Woodvale15.7.51
22RFSCambridgeRCU1.5.47Marshalls Flying School
23RFSUsworthRSA1.2.49Airwork
24RFSRochesterRCV7.5.47Short Bros & Harland
25RFSWolverhamptonRCW26.6.47Air Schools

United Kingdom Grading Schools/Units

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
1GSDigby3.1.51renamed Airwork Grading Unit 15.1.52
2GSDigby3.1.51renamed Airwork Grading Unit 15.1.52
Airwork Grading UnitDigby15.1.52redesignated 1GU(Airwork) 9.6.52
1GU(Airwork)Digby9.6.52Disbanded 31.3.53
2GU(Airwork)Kirton-in-Lindsey9.6.52Disbanded 31.3.53

Australia

School Location Period Fate/Comments
1 EFTSParafield SA01.40-05.44ex 2 Flying Training School
Tamworth NSW05.44-12.4
2 EFTSArcherfield QLD01.40-04.42ex 3 Flying Training School
3 EFTSEssendon VIC01.40-05.42
4 EFTSMascot NSW01.40-04.42
5 EFTSNarromine NSW05.40-08.44
6 EFTSTamworth NSW08.40-05.42
7 EFTSWestern Junction TAS08.40-08.45
8 EFTSNarrandera NSW09.40-06.45
9 EFTSCunderdin WA12.40-10.45
10 EFTSTemora NSW05.41-03.46
11 EFTSBenalla VIC06.41-03.46
12 EFTSBunbaberg QLD10.41-01.42

Canada - Initial Training Schools

School Location Formed Fate/Comments
1 ITSToronto Ontario
2 ITSRegina Saskatchewan
3 ITSVictoriaville Quebec
4 ITSEdmonton Alberta
5 ITSBelleville Ontario
6 ITSToronto Ontario
7 ITSSaskatoon Saskatchewan

Canada - Elementary Flying Training Schools

School Location Formed Fate/Comments
1 EFTSMalton Ontario24.6.40Disbanded 3.7.42
2 EFTSThunder Bay Ontario24.6.40Disbanded 31.5.44
3 EFTSLondon Ontario24.6.40Disbanded 3.7.42
4 EFTSWindsor Mills Quebec24.6.40Disbanded 25.8.44
5 EFTSLethbridge Alberta22.7.40Moved 1.6.41
High River Alberta1.6.41Disbanded 15.11.44
6 EFTSPrince Albert Saskatchewan22.7.40Disbanded 15.11.44
7 EFTSWindsor Ontario22.7.40Disbanded 15.12.44
8 EFTSVancouver BC22.7.40Moved 1.12.41
Boundary Bay BC2.12.41Disbanded 2.1.42
9 EFTSSt Catherines Ontario14.10.40Disbanded 14.1.44
10 EFTSMount Hope Ontario14.10.40Moved 1.8.42
Pendleton Ontario1.8.42Disbanded 15.9.44
11 EFTSCap de la Madelaine Quebec14.10.40Disbanded 11.2.44
12 EFTSGoderich Ontario14.10.40Disbanded 14.7.44
13 EFTSSt Eugene Ontario28.10.40Disbanded 19.6.45
14 EFTSPortage de la Prairie Manitoba28.10.40Disbanded 3.7.42
15 EFTSRegina Saskatchewan11.11.40Disbanded 11.8.44
16 EFTSEdmonton Alberta11.11.40Disbanded 12.7.42
17 EFTSStanley Nova Scotia17.3.41Disbanded 14.1.44
18 EFTSBoundary Bay BC10.4.41Disbanded 25.5.42
19 EFTSVirden Manitoba16.5.41Disbanded 15.12.44
20 EFTSOshawa Ontario21.6.41Disbanded 15.12.44
21 EFTSChatham New Brunswick3.7.41Disbanded 14.8.42
22 EFTSAncienne Lorette Quebec29.9.41Disbanded 3.7.42
23 EFTSDavidson Saskatchewan9.11.42Moved 2.1.45
Yorkton Saskatchewan2.1.45Disbanded 15.9.45
24 EFTSAbbotsford BC6.9.43Disbanded 15.8.44
25 EFTSAssiniboia Saskatchewan30.1.44Disbanded 28.7.44
26 EFTSNeepawa Manitoba30.1.44Disbanded 24.8.44
31 EFTSCalgary Alberta10.5.41Moved 16.10.41
De Winton Alberta16.10.41Disbanded 25.8.44
32 EFTSSwift Current Alberta2.6.41Moved 27.11.41
Bowden Alberta27.11.41Disbanded 8.9.44
33 EFTSCaron Saskatchewan7.12.41Op by Boundary Bay Flying School. To 18EFTS RCAF 14.1.44
34 EFTSAssiniboia Saskatchewan2.2.42to 25EFTS RCAF 30.1.44
35 EFTSNespawa Manitoba24.2.42to 26EFTS RCAF 30.1.44
36 EFTSPearce Alberta17.3.42Disbanded 14.8.42

Canada - Service Flying Schools

Menasco Moths were used as support aircraft by the Service Flying Training Schools
School Location Formed Fate/Comments
1 SFTSCamp Borden Ontario1.11.39Disbanded 31.3.46
2 SFTSOttawa Ontario5.8.41Disbanded 14.4.45
3 SFTSCalgary Alberta28.10.40Disbanded 28.9.45
4 SFTSSaskatoon Saskatchewan16.9.40Disbanded 30.3.45
5 SFTSBrantford Ontario11.11.40Disbanded 3.11.44
6 SFTSDunnville Ontario5.11.40Disbanded 1.12.44
7 SFTSFort Macleod Alberta9.12.40Disbanded 17.11.44
8 SFTSMoncton NB23.12.40Moved 2.1.44
Weyburn Saskatchewan2.1.44Disbanded 30.6.44
9 SFTSSummerside PEI6.1.41Moved 1.7.42
Centralia Ontario1.7.42Disbanded 30.3.45
10 SFTSDauphin Manitoba5.3.41Disbanded 14.4.45
11 SFTSYorkton Saskatchewan10.4.41Disbanded 1.12.44
12 SFTSBrandon Manitoba16.5.41Disbanded 30.3.45
13 SFTSSt Hubert Quebec1.9.41Moved 1.2.44
North Battleford Saskatchewan1.2.44Disbanded 30.3.45
14 SFTSAylmer Ontario3.10.41Moved 1.8.44
Kingston Ontario1.8.44Disbanded 7.9.45
15 SFTSClaresholm Alberta9.6.41Disbanded 30.3.45
16 SFTSHagersville Ontario8.8.41Disbanded 30.3.45
17 SFTSSouris Manitoba8.3.43Disbanded 30.3.45
18 SFTSGimli Manitoba6.9.43Disbanded 30.3.45
19 SFTSVulcan Alberta3.5.43Disbanded 14.4.45
31 SFTSKingston Ontario15.9.40ex 7SFTS UK to 14SFTS RCAF 14.8.44
32 SFTSMoose Jaw Saskatchewan21.11.40ex 10SFTS UK Disbanded 17.10.44
33 SFTSCarberry Manitoba8.12.40Disbanded 1.12.44
34 SFTSMedicine Hat Alberta14.3.41Disbanded 17.11.44
35 SFTSNorth Battlesford Saskatchewan19.8.41Disbanded 25.2.44
36 SFTSPenhold Alberta28.9.41Disbanded 3.11.44
37 SFTSCalgary Alberta27.10.41Disbanded 10.3.44
38 SFTSEstevan Saskatchewan7.4.42Disbanded 11.2.44
39 SFTSSwift Current Saskatchewan15.11.41Disbanded 24.3.44
41 SFTSWeyburn Saskatchewan5.1.42Disbanded 22.1.44

Canada - Flying Instructor Schools

School Location Formed Fate/Comments
1 FISTrenton Ontario
2 FISClaresholm Alberta4.42Moved 9.42
Vulcan Alberta10.42Moved 4.43
Pearce Alberta5.43Disbanded 1.45
3 FISArnprior Ontario

India

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
1EFTSBegumpet.40Disbanded 10.7.45
2EFTSJodhpur.40to EFTS RIAF 1.6.47
1SFTSAmbala1.11.40as 1FTS Disbanded into AFS(India) 1.4.46
plus civilian flying schools

Kenya

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
EFTSNairobi21.8.40to 30EFTS 1.41
30EFTSNairobi1.41Disbanded 13.3.41

New Zealand

School Location Period Fate/Comments
1EFTSTaieri20.10.39-14.10.44
2EFTSNew Plymouth14.11.39-16.10.42
Asburton16.10.42-14.10.44
3EFTSHarewood26.8.40-27.7.45
4EFTSWhenuapai23.12.40-9.3.42
1SFTSWigram
2SFTSWoodbourne

Rhodesia

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
Rhodesian CFSBelvedere3.9.41to 33FIS 20.5.42
20SFTSCranborne10.7.40Disbanded 4.46
21SFTSKumalo8.10.40Disbanded 18.5.45
22SFTSThornhill25.3.41Disbanded 30.9.45
23SFTSHeany8.7.41Disbanded 30.9.45
25EFTSBelvedere24.5.40Disbanded 3.11.44
26EFTSGuinea Fowl8.8.40Disbanded 14.8.45
27EFTSInduna2.2.41Disbanded 21.9.45
28EFTSMount Hampden1.4.41Disbanded 30.10.45
4FTSHeany1.2.47Reformed ex 4SFTS Habbaniya Disbanded 26.1.54
5FTSThornhill23.4.47Reformed ex 5FTS Ternhill Disbanded into 4FTS and 3ANS 4.1.48
Reformed Thornhill 22.1.51 Disbanded 30.12.53

South Africa

School Location Opened Fate/Comments
1ASBaragwanath
2ASRandfontein
5ASWitbank
62ASBloemfontein

EFTS Curriculum (Australia)

PILOTS:
Initial training school 14 weeks
Elementry Flying Training School 12 weeks
Service Flying Training School 22 weeks
(intermediate Squadron 12 weeks)
(advanced Squadron 10 weeks)
Bombing and Gunnery School 2 weeks
Total 50 weeks

AIR OBSERVERS:
Initial Training School 12weeks
Air Obervers School 12 weeks
Bombing and Gunnery School 8 weeks
Air Navigation School 4 weeks
Total 36 weeks

AIR GUNNERS:
Initial Training School 8 weeks
Wireless Air Gunners School 24 weeks
Bombing and Gunnery School 4 weeks
Total 36 WEEKS